Sibling Sexual Abuse Project
Sibling Sexual Abuse Project

Children and young people that have harmed their siblings

Children and young people that have harmed their siblings

A safeguarding road map in sibling sexual abuse cases

Stuart Allardyce, a speaker at the conference in Session 1 provided the conference with a PDF briefing sheet called A Safeguarding Map in Sibling Sexual Abuse Cases’. This should be read in conjunction with Sibling Sexual Abuse: A Knowledge and Practice Overview that was written by Stuart and Dr Peter Yates and can be accessed here:

HSB Toolkits highlighted in the conference by attendees

To download the Harmful Sexual Behaviour Toolkit on the NSPCC website:

The Sensoa Flag System© is an evidence-based tool for assessing acceptable and unacceptable sexual behaviour of children and young people aged 0-18 years –

Brook Traffic Light is focuses on what can be expected for each age/stage of development, and what is problematic and then harmful. Brook Traffic Light is a licensed tool:

International information

A PDF containing an American ‘Resources Pack Children and Adolescents with Problematic Sexual Behaviour Professional Resources’ can be found here.

A PDF of the academic paper a ‘Comparison of children’s advocacy center responses to harmful sexual behavior among siblings: An international perspective’ by Erin K. Taylor, Dafna Tener, Jane F. Silovsky, Abbie Newman can be found here.

The Australian Queensland Government’s Child Safety Practice Manual contains practical information and guidance on working with families, children that have harmed – the term ‘sexually reactive behaviours’ is used – and children that have been harmed.  The pages include risk assessments and appropriate answers to questions and can be found here.

National charities providing harmful sexual behaviour services in the UK

Harmful sexual behaviour support service for the children’s workforce

Telephone: 0344 2250623


(Monday – Friday, 8am – 8pm)

Conference Information Home
Conference sessions
Children harmed by SSA
Children that have harmed siblings
Working with affected families
Working with adult survivors of SSA
Further training

Organisations highlighted in the conference by attendees

AIM3 Assessments to support professionals – Crystal Goals

Goals work with Harmful Sexual Behaviours nationally and carry out AIM3 Assessments to support professionals


Swaay, based in Wokingham, established in 1989 the first children’s home specifically dedicated to the care and treatment of male adolescents displaying HSB.

Assessment Consultation Therapy (ACT), Surrey

Assessment Consultation Therapy (ACT) in Surrey is a specialist therapeutic service. They work with children and young people, aged 8 to 18, who present with issues around harmful sexualised behaviour. At ACT they try and help children and young people understand their thoughts, feelings and actions and support them manage the concerning behaviour. Their aim is to help and support, not judge.

Information on pornography

Conference attendees recommended Dr Gail Dines, who is well known for her work on the subject of pornography and it harms. A link to her work: 

Attendees also identified an NGO called ‘Fight the New Drug’ which has a whole body of research on the effects of pornography.

Research contacts

Amy Adams – A PhD student is looking to talk to any survivors or parents affected by sibling sexual abuse.  Her email is:

Amelia Anning – Is looking to speak with parents of school age children, victim/survivors of SSA and professionals/practitioners who may be likely to come across SSA in their professional lives. She plans to create a workshop for children to aim for prevention/early intervention of SSA. If anyone can help, please email her at:

Recommended reading – general

The following Dutch paper was recommended called ‘Line-crossing sexual behaviour among young people’

Kelley, A., Shawler, P., Shields, J. D., & Silovsky, J. F. (2019). A Qualitative Investigation of Policy for Youth with Problematic Sexual Behavior. American Journal of Community Psychology, 47(6), 1347-1363. doi: 10.1002/jcop.22187

Slemaker, A., Mundey, P., Taylor, E. K., Beasley, L. O., & Silovsky, J. F. (2021). Barriers to accessing treatment services: child victims of youths with problematic sexual behavior. International journal of environmental research and public health, 18(10), 5302.

Recommended reading – in reference to Session 5 of the Conference

Alcock, P. (2015). From partnership to the Big Society: The third sector policy regime in the UK. Nonprofit Policy Forum, 7(2).

Anheier, H., Kendall, J. (2002). Interpersonal trust and voluntary associations: Examining three approaches. The British Journal of Sociology, 53(3), 343-362.

Atkin, K., & Rollings, J. (1993). Community care and voluntary provision: A review of the literature. New Community, 19(4), 659-667.

Bernard, C., & Harris, P. (2019). Serious case reviews: The lived experience of Black children. Child & Family Social Work, 24(2), 256-263.

Blake, J.J., & Epstein, R. (2019). Listening to Black women and girls: Lived experience of adultification bias. Georgetown Law Center on Poverty and Inequality, Initiative on Gender Justice & Opportunity.

Bolton. M. (2003) Voluntary Sector Added Value: A Discussion Paper. National Council for Voluntary Organisations.

Davis, J. (2019) Where are the Black girls in our CSA services, studies and statistics? Community Care.

Davis, J., & Marsh, N. (2020). Boys to men: The cost of ‘adultification’ in safeguarding responses to Black boys. Critical and Radical Social Work, 8(2), 255-259.

Department for Education (DfE) (2020). ‘Permanent and fixed period exclusions – by pupil characteristics (0607 to 1819)’ from ‘Permanent and fixed-period exclusions in England’.

Duncan, A. (2020).  Report of the Serious Case Review regarding Child AG. Norfolk Safeguarding Children Partnership.

Education Policy Institute. (2017). Why are so many vulnerable children excluded from school?

Fitzhenry, N., Clayton, V., Alam, A., O’Higgins, A., Goodridge-Downer, J., Haque, H., Mitchell, C., Eden, A., Henessey, A., & Coussins, C. (2022). Ethnic minority social workers in the UK: Workforce representation, welfare and progression – A rapid evidence review synthesis. What Works for Children’s Social Care.

Hackett, S., Phillips, J., Masson, H., & Balfe, M. (2013). Individual, family and abuse characteristics of 700 British child and adolescent sexual abusers. Child Abuse Review, 22(4), 232-245.

Henderson, G., Woods, R., & Kurlus, I. (2017). An exploration of ethnic minority communities’ understanding and awareness of child protection and the Children’s Hearings System in Scotland. Scottish Children’s Reporter Administration.

Hood, R., Goldacre, A., Gorin, S., Bywaters, P., & Webb, C. (2020). Identifying and understanding the link between system conditions and welfare inequalities in children’s social care services. Nuffield Foundation and Kingston University London.

Jassal, V. (2020). Sexual abuse of South Asian children: What social workers need to know. Community Care.

Kelly, L., & Karsna, K. (2018). Measuring the scale and changing nature of child sexual abuse and child sexual exploitation: Scoping report. Centre of expertise on child sexual abuse.

Kendall, J. (2003). The voluntary sector comparative perspectives in the UK. Routledge.

Knight, B., & Robson, S. (2007). The value and independence of the voluntary sector. The Centre for Research and Innovation in Social Policy.

Lammy, D. (2017). The Lammy Review: An independent review into the treatment of, and outcomes for, Black, Asian and minority ethnic individuals in the criminal justice system.

Larson, K.E., & Bradshaw, C.P. (2017). Cultural competence and social desirability among practitioners: A systematic review of the literature. Children and Youth Services Review, 76, 100-111,

Macmillan, R. (2013). ‘Distinction’ in the third sector. Voluntary Sector Review, 4(1) 39-54.

Manchester, A.H. (1979). The law of incest in England and Wales. Child Abuse & Neglect, 3(3-4), 679-682.

Meiksanas, J., Bromfield, L., & Ey, L-A. (2017). A continuum of responses for harmful sexual behaviours (An issues paper for Commissioner for Children and Young People, Western Australia). University of South Australia / Australian Centre for Child Protection.

Ministry of Justice and Youth Justice Board for England and Wales (2021). National statistics. Youth Justice statistics: 2019 to 2020.

National Children’s Home (1992). The report of the committee of enquiry into children and young people who sexually abuse other children. NCH.

NSPCC (2021). Safeguarding children who come from Black, Asian and minoritised ethnic communities.

Power, A., Hall, E., Kaley, A., & Macpherson, H. (2021). Voluntary support in a post-welfare state: Experiences and challenges of precarity. Geoforum, 125, 87-95.

Rodger, H., Hurcombe, R., Redmond, T., & George, R. (2020). “People don’t talk about it”: Child sexual abuse in ethnic minority communities. Independent Inquiry Child Sexual Abuse.

Roffee, J.A. (2012). Incest: The exception to a principled Scottish sex law. Juridical Review, 2, 91–110.

Salter, M. (2016). The privatisation of incest: The neglect of familial sexual abuse in Australian public inquiries. In Y. Smaal, A. Kaladelfos, & M. Finnane (Eds.), The sexual abuse of children: Recognition and redress (pp. 108-120). Monash University Press.

Schoenwald, E., O’Higgins, A., Collyer, H., Ahmed, F., Whelan, E., Curtis, B., Ghedia, N., Clancy, C., & Alam, A. (2022). Outcomes for Black children inn care: A rapid evidence review synthesis. What Works for Children’s Social Care.

Scottish Government (2020). The expert group on preventing sexual offending involving children and young people: Prevention of and responses to harmful sexual behaviour by children and young people.

Smerdon, M. (2009). The first principle of voluntary action: essays on the independence of the voluntary sector from government in Canada, England, Germany, Northern Ireland, Scotland, United States of America and Wales (Working Paper No.3). The Baring Foundation.

Strategy Unit (2002) Private action, public benefit: A review of charities and the wider not-for-profit sector. Strategy Unit, Cabinet Office.

Sullivan, K. (2018). Best practice: Behaviour and exclusion. SecEd.